When it comes to web backend development, Node.js and Python are two of the best tools used today. While both have grown in popularity over the years, the comparison between Node.js vs Python still remains. With the former being one of the best tools for server development and the latter being one of most commonly used programming languages, it might seem as though both are on equal footing.
In this article, we look at both tools’ pros and cons from a technical and industry perspective to determine how they fare against each other.
What is Python?
Before we delve deeper into the Node vs Python debate, let’s first dissect each of them. Because of its popularity and place in the programming industry, the question “What is Python programming” isn’t asked anymore by programming experts. However, for those looking for a quick refresher or for those completely new to programming, an introduction might be necessary.
Python is an object-oriented, dynamic, high level, multipurpose programming language first developed in 1991. It is the programming language of choice for AI development, big data, scientific computing, automation, and back-end development. The programming language has been frequently used by experts to code because of its capacity to process large amounts of data, comprehend difficult calculations, and use AI and automation. The language itself has been used for several coding projects. There are several projects that use Python for mobile app development, making it a testament to the language’s versatility and complexity.
Some of the key features of the programming language are:
As a language, Python is quite easy to learn compared to other programming languages. Its syntax is considered to be simple and conversational, making its code files highly readable.
AI development and machine learning opportunities
Python has a lot of built in AI libraries such as Plylearn 2, Tensorflow, and Scikit-learn for neural networks and data analysis.
Multiple library hosting spots
Python has a wide array of open-source data analysis tools, web frameworks, and testing instruments, making it one of the largest ecosystems in the programming community. Because of this, many hosting providers support Python codes and allow integrating APIs and additional plugins. This makes Python one of the most convenient languages to use for programmers as it allows them the flexibility to do their codes and to use other popular platforms such as AWS, A2 Hosting, TMDHosting, Digital Option, and Heroku to name a few.
The simplicity of Python allows both experienced and beginner programmers to create complex codes. If you’re looking for individuals that can maximize Python and create innovative codes and programs, then it’s always a good option to go with Python development outsourcing.
What is Node.js?
You can’t really do a proper comparison between Node.js vs Python for web development without discussing the salient features of the two. In the previous section, Python’s details were discussed, thus for this section we discuss the features of the Node.js.
Here are some of the salient features of Node.js:
Powerful tech stack
The components of MEAN Stack and its specific functions are as follows:
- MangoDB can be used for data management;
- Express.js is usually used for efficient back end development;
- Angular can be used for front-end, running JS code to create a dynamic user interface;
Fast event-based model
Since Node.js uses event-based programming to perform operational algorithms that aren’t tied to user actions, Node.js is a faster model. In fact, it is estimated to be 2 to 3 times faster than Java, PHP, and Go. With just a click of a button, the program can quickly present a new page, send a new message, or display new content.
Microservice development flexibility
With Node.js, developers can edit multiple modules simultaneously because it has a package manager with free modules. This is essentially perfect for microservice architecture. A transition like this allows companies to divide functionality, improve testing and maintenance quality, and simultaneously update for several features thanks to the non-blocking nature of Node.js.
With over 840,000 libraries in the Node.js package manager, Node.js has one of the biggest collections of open source JS plugins. Developers utilizing the Node.js use these NPM modules such that it is used in more than 97% of web applications.
Node.js vs Python for Web Development: Which is better?
The Node.js vs Python debate can be settled by looking at the following factors:
Below is a brief but detailed comparison of the two development tools:
|SPEED||faster due to the V8 engine, event-based architecture, and single module caching||relatively slower because of the single flow|
|ARCHITECTURE||non-blocking and event-driven||not event-driven|
|SCALABILITY||easily scalable horizontally and vertically||not easily scalable|
|EXTENSIBILITY||has a wide array of available tools||has a wide array of available tools|
|LIBRARIES||managed with NPM; fast, reliable, and understandable||managed with Pip; fast, reliable, and understandable|
|UNIVERSALITY||back-end only for mobile, desktop, and web||front-end and back-end for mobile, desktop, and web|
Both tools are very powerful, which is why most experts use these categories to compare and determine what suits their needs better. When it comes to extensibility, libraries, community, and learnability, both tools are on par with each other. However, Python has an edge when it comes to universality as it allows front-end development. Node.js, on the other hand, has an upper hand in terms of speed and scalability.
Can Node.js replace Python?
Node.js is a highly complex programming tool that is highly useful for web back-end development. However, despite this complexity it does not come close to Python’s power as a programming language. Thus, because of these conditions, it cannot really be said that Node.js will replace Python definitively.
Which is better: Node.js vs Python?
When it comes to programming and development, Node.js and Python rank among the top tools for 2021. The question remains though, Node.js vs Python: which is better?
The answer to this question is still highly dependent on what you want to accomplish and which apps you’re using it on. If you’re using the tool on an application that has numerous concurrent requests, heavy client-side rendering, or frequent data shuffling from a client to a server, then you should probably be using the Node.js. Note however that you won’t be able to use it on applications that require a lot of CPU resources.
Similarly, if you’re looking to develop both small and large projects, then the best option will always be Python. This programming language can be used on various applications involving data analysis, data visualization, recognition systems, image-processing software, neural networks, and machine learning systems. Python lets you go through a wide range of applications, making it an incredibly versatile language.